The Ground Water Resources of British Columbia
on-line publication provides a comprehensive overview of the groundwater
resources of British Columbia. A variety of topics are discussed
including: the origin, occurrence, and movement of groundwater,
groundwater water quality, geology as it relates to groundwater,
groundwater contamination, ground water and human health, thermal
springs, groundwater resources of the various regions in British
Columbia, management of groundwater resources, and case histories.
The BC Water Resources Atlas
displays groundwater and surface water resource information.
Additional information on groundwater resources are provided on the Groundwater
The Ground Water Protection Regulation (GWPR)
deals with aspects of well construction that significantly enhance
ground water protection - i.e. installing effective surface seals
around wells, securely capping and floodproofing wells, and permanently
closing unused wells to protect ground water quality. The GWPR also
establishes the qualifications for well drillers and well pump
installers and provides for a provincial registry of those possessing
Details on the regulations
pertinent to the development of groundwater resources in the province
can be found in Part 4, Section 66 and Part 5 of the Water Act.
Access to the provincial wells and aquifer databases is provided on the Ground Water Wells and Aquifer Database
BC Environment's Well Identification - Frequently Asked Questions page provides information on the purpose of well identification.
The Observation Well Network
page provides information on a 145 (2009) observation well network
covering major ground water areas of the province. The primary purpose
of the Network is to collect, analyze and interpret ground water
hydrographs and ground water quality data from various developed
aquifers in B.C.
In 1994 the Province of British Columbia initiated a program to
identify, map and categorize groundwater aquifers for planning
and management purposes. BC Environments's Aquifers
page provide information on this initiative and
provides a link to the BC Water Resources Atlas
to view the aquifer
delineations and classification details.
A number of reports can be accessed through the advanced search
option under the Water Information
listing on BC Environment's EcoCat: The Ecological Reports Catalogue
page. Additional reports can be accessed from The Groundwater Reference Library
BC Environment provides information on groundwater quality on its Frequently Asked Questions: Water Wells and Well Water Quality
A number of water quality factsheets are available from the BC Health Files web site on various topics related to groundwater:
Factsheets providing general information on total and faecal
coliform bacteria, nitrate, arsenic, fluoride, sodium, iron and
manganese, and hardness can be found at BC Environment's Ground Water Quality Fact Sheets page.
Aquifer Vulnerability and Groundwater Protection
The paper Evaluating AVI and DRASTIC for Assessing Ground Water Pollution Potential in the Fraser Valley
summarizes the results of calculating aquifer vulnerability indexes for
169 wells in the Fraser Valley to assess the vulnerability of aquifers
Well Construction and Maintenance Resource Material
Guidance on groundwater wells can be found in BC Environment's on-line documents:
Factsheets are available from the BC Ministry of Health that discuss
drinking water testing, Should I Get My Well Water Tested
, and disinfection, How to Disinfect Drinking Water
The BC Groundwater Association's Groundwater Protection Handbook
provides well construction and maintenance information to protect groundwater and aquifers.
Groundwater Related Associations in BC
BC Environment web pages and documents:
The British Columbia Ground Water Association
website provides information for the well construction industry and private well owners.